Gamma-ray Burst 190331B
(All information courtesy of the instrument teams.)
Previous IAU Circulars
Results of Observations
- GCN Circular #24031
P. A. Evans (U. Leicester) reports on behalf of the Swift team:
Swift has initiated a ToO observation of the Swift/BAT GRB 190331B.
Automated analysis of the XRT data will be presented online at
Any uncatalogued X-ray sources detected in this analysis will be
reported on this website and via GCN COUNTERPART notices. These are
not necessarily related to the Swift/BAT event. Any X-ray source
considered to be a probable afterglow candidate will be reported via a
GCN Circular after manual consideration.
Details of the XRT automated analysis methods are detailed in Evans et
al. (2007, A&A, 469, 379; 2009, MNRAS, 397, 1177 and 2014, ApJS, 210, 8).
This circular is an official product of the Swift-XRT team.
- GCN Circular #24041
K. L. Page (U. Leicester), D. M. Palmer (LANL) and N. P. M. Kuin
(UCL-MSSL) report on behalf of the Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory Team:
Ground processing of Swift-BAT data has discovered a possible long
duration burst, GRB 190331B, in onboard images covering 03:59:05 -
04:25:29 UT of 2019-03-31. The onboard-calculated source location is RA,
Dec = 326.258, -54.555 deg which is
RA(J2000) = 21h 45m 01.9s
Dec(J2000) = -54d 33' 17.1"
As is usual for image triggers, the light curve shows no obvious
variation. However, the source appears both in a single image covering
the time range given above, and in individual shorter images covering
subintervals, specifically 03:59:05-04:05:21; 04:05:21-04:11:21; and
04:23:37-04:25:29 The location was outside of the BAT Field of View both
before and after this time interval due to Swift's pre-planned observing
schedule, so this 26 minute span is the lower limit of the emission
Swift-XRT has performed follow-up observations of this source, collecting
2.0 ks of Photon Counting (PC) mode data between T0+73.3 ks and T0+79.0
One uncatalogued X-ray source has been detected consistent with being
within 394 arcsec of the Swift/BAT position, it is below the RASS limit
and shows no definitive signs of fading. Therefore, at the present time
we cannot confirm this as the afterglow. Details of this source are
RA (J2000.0): 326.2238 = 21:44:53.71
Dec (J2000.0): -54.4717 = -54:28:18.2
Error: 3.7 arcsec (radius, 90% conf. [Enhanced position])
Count-rate: 0.0124 +/- 0.0030 ct s^-1
Distance: 261 arcsec from Swift/BAT position.
Flux: (5.5 +/- 1.3)e-13 erg cm^-2 s^-1 (observed, 0.3-10 keV)
Another uncatalogued source was also detected, however this was too far
from the GRB position to be the afterglow.
The results of the XRT-team automatic analysis of the XRT observations,
including a position-specific upper limit calculator, are available at
The Swift-UVOT observations of GRB 190331B did not find a new source,
although a source, present in the DSS near the XRT position, is also seen
in the UVOT.
Preliminary 3-sigma upper limits using the UVOT photometric system
(Breeveld et al. 2011, AIP Conf. Proc. 1358, 373) are:
Filter T_start(s) T_stop(s) Exp(s) 3-sigma UL
white 73752 79024 283 >18.71
v 74187 74615 421 >17.35
u 73318 78999 1075 >18.73
The magnitudes in the table are not corrected for the Galactic extinction
due to the reddening of E(B-V) = 0.02 in the direction of the burst
(Schlegel et al. 1998).
Although the gamma-ray emission duration is unusually long for a GRB, the
source's location is 45 degrees from the Galactic plane, reducing the
likelihood that this is a Galactic transient.
Burst Advocate for this burst is K. L. Page (klp5 AT leicester.ac.uk).
Please contact the BA by email if you require additional information
regarding Swift followup of this burst. In extremely urgent cases, after
trying the Burst Advocate, you can contact the Swift PI by phone (see
Swift TOO web site for information: http://www.swift.psu.edu/)
- GCN Circular #24043
Y.-D. Hu, X.-Y.Li, E. Fernandez-Garcia, A. Ayala, A. J. Castro-Tirado
(IAA-CSIC), C. Perez del Pulgar, A. Castellon, I. Carrasco (Univ. de
Malaga), and R. Querel (NIWA), on behalf of a larger collaboration,
The 60cm BOOTES-3/YA robotic telescope at NIWA Lauder in Otago (New
Zealand) responded to the Swift ground-detected burst GRB 190331B (Page
et al. GCNC 24041) ~2.36 day after the burst. The first images (clear
filter) were obtained starting on April 2, 12:39 UT. At the uncatalogued
X-ray source position found by Swift/XRT, no optical afterglow is
detected down to 20.3 mag on a 900s co-added image, in agreement with
the non-detection by Swift/UVOT.
We thank the staff at NIWA for its excellent support.
- GCN Circular #24052
K.L. Page (U. Leicetser) reports on behalf of the Swift-XRT team:
Swift has performed a second follow-up observation of the ground-detected
Swift-BAT GRB 190331B (Page et al., GCN Circ. 24041). An additional 2.7 ks
of data were collected, entirely in Photon Counting mode, 334.5 ks after
the trigger time
The count rate of the possible afterglow counterpart ("Source 1")
mentioned in GCN Circ. 24041 remains constant across both observations, at
about 0.01 ct s^-1. We therefore conclude that we did not detect an X-ray
afterglow for GRB 190331B.
This is an official product of the Swift-XRT team.
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Jochen Greiner, last update: 15-Apr-2019