PGPLOT Module: PGGRAY -- gray-scale map of a 2D data array

1 FG, BG, TR)

Draw gray-scale map of an array in current window. The subsection
of the array A defined by indices (I1:I2, J1:J2) is mapped onto
the view surface world-coordinate system by the transformation
matrix TR. The resulting quadrilateral region is clipped at the edge
of the window and shaded with the shade at each point determined
by the corresponding array value. The shade is a number in the
range 0 to 1 obtained by linear interpolation between the background
level (BG) and the foreground level (FG), i.e.,

shade = [A(i,j) - BG] / [FG - BG]

The background level BG can be either less than or greater than the
foreground level FG. Points in the array that are outside the range
BG to FG are assigned shade 0 or 1 as appropriate.

PGGRAY uses two different algorithms, depending how many color
indices are available in the color index range specified for images.
(This range is set with routine PGSCIR, and the current or default
range can be queried by calling routine PGQCIR).

If 16 or more color indices are available, PGGRAY first assigns
color representations to these color indices to give a linear ramp
between the background color (color index 0) and the foreground color
(color index 1), and then calls PGIMAG to draw the image using these
color indices. In this mode, the shaded region is "opaque": every
pixel is assigned a color.

If less than 16 color indices are available, PGGRAY uses only
color index 1, and uses a "dithering" algorithm to fill in pixels,
with the shade (computed as above) determining the faction of pixels
that are filled. In this mode the shaded region is "transparent" and
allows previously-drawn graphics to show through.

The transformation matrix TR is used to calculate the world
coordinates of the center of the "cell" that represents each
array element. The world coordinates of the center of the cell
corresponding to array element A(I,J) are given by:

X = TR(1) + TR(2)*I + TR(3)*J
Y = TR(4) + TR(5)*I + TR(6)*J

Usually TR(3) and TR(5) are zero -- unless the coordinate
transformation involves a rotation or shear. The corners of the
quadrilateral region that is shaded by PGGRAY are given by
applying this transformation to (I1-0.5,J1-0.5), (I2+0.5, J2+0.5).

A (input) : the array to be plotted.
IDIM (input) : the first dimension of array A.
JDIM (input) : the second dimension of array A.
I1, I2 (input) : the inclusive range of the first index
(I) to be plotted.
J1, J2 (input) : the inclusive range of the second
index (J) to be plotted.
FG (input) : the array value which is to appear with the
foreground color (corresponding to color index 1).
BG (input) : the array value which is to appear with the
background color (corresponding to color index 0).
TR (input) : transformation matrix between array grid and
world coordinates.