MPE telescope will revolutionize our view of the evolving hot Universe

eROSITA launch heralds new era for X-ray astronomy

MPE telescope will revolutionize our view of the evolving hot Universe
Star formation within interstellar gas clouds proceeds very rapidly, yet highly inefficiently. Most of the gas is quickly dispersed by stellar radiation, leading to a violent cycling in which star-forming regions are flickering as sparkles in fireworks. A team of scientists including researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics has come to these conclusions based on new observations of the spiral galaxy NGC300.

Galaxies consist of star-forming regions sparkling as fireworks

Star formation within interstellar gas clouds proceeds very rapidly, yet highly inefficiently. Most of the gas is quickly dispersed by stellar radiation, leading to a violent cycling in which star-forming regions are flickering as sparkles in fireworks. A team of scientists including researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics has come to these conclusions based on new observations of the spiral galaxy NGC300.
The GRAVITY instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) has made the first direct observation of an exoplanet using optical interferometry. This method revealed a complex exoplanetary atmosphere with clouds of iron and silicates swirling in a planet-wide storm. The technique presents unique possibilities for characterising many of the exoplanets known today.

GRAVITY reveals details of a storm-wracked exoplanet

The GRAVITY instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) has made the first direct observation of an exoplanet using optical interferometry. This method revealed a complex exoplanetary atmosphere with clouds of iron and silicates swirling in a planet-wide storm. The technique presents unique possibilities for characterising many of the exoplanets known today.
Outflows of matter and energy from a galaxy’s centre are considered key players in the formation and evolution of galaxies and other structures in the Universe. Astronomers led by the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics have now created the  most extensive X-ray map of the central degrees of the Milky Way, thereby discovering a channel of X-ray emitting gas connecting the Milky Way centre to structures much further out.

X-ray Chimneys in the Milky Way

Outflows of matter and energy from a galaxy’s centre are considered key players in the formation and evolution of galaxies and other structures in the Universe. Astronomers led by the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics have now created the  most extensive X-ray map of the central degrees of the Milky Way, thereby discovering a channel of X-ray emitting gas connecting the Milky Way centre to structures much further out.
Detailed observations of the quasar 3C 273 with the GRAVITY instrument reveal the structure of rapidly moving gas around the central super-massive black hole, the first time that the so-called “broad line region” could be resolved.

A close-up look at the whirlpool around a gigantic black hole

Detailed observations of the quasar 3C 273 with the GRAVITY instrument reveal the structure of rapidly moving gas around the central super-massive black hole, the first time that the so-called “broad line region” could be resolved.
GRAVITY instrument confirms black hole status of the Milky Way centre

First Detailed Observations of Material Orbiting close to a Black Hole

GRAVITY instrument confirms black hole status of the Milky Way centre
Observations of the Galactic Centre team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) have for the first time revealed the effects predicted by Einstein’s general relativity on the motion of a star passing through the extreme gravitational field near the supermassive black hole in the centre of the Milky Way.

First Successful Test of Einstein’s General Relativity Near Supermassive Black Hole

Observations of the Galactic Centre team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) have for the first time revealed the effects predicted by Einstein’s general relativity on the motion of a star passing through the extreme gravitational field near the supermassive black hole in the centre of the Milky Way.

People and Project News


Honorary doctorate for Natascha Förster Schreiber

June 13, 2019

MPE astronomer Natascha Förster Schreiber will receive the honorary degree of Doctor of Science from the University of Bath. With this most prestigious accolade of Bath University, Förster Schreiber is recognized not only for her distinguished career and for the breadth of her research but also for her support of the Bath Astrophysics Group since it was established. The award ceremony will take place in early July at the University of Bath.

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eROSITA arrives at Baikonur

April 26, 2019

On 25 April 2019, the Spektr-RG Space Observatory was transported to the Baikonur Cosmodrome - the final stage in preparation for its launch on 21 June. Spektr-RG carries the X-ray telescope eROSITA, which was developed and built at MPE. Its aim is to perform a highly sensitive survey of the entire sky in X-ray light, once it arrives at its observation point L2.

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4MOST soll eROSITA-Quellen nachbeobachten

4MOST to follow up on eROSITA sources

On 6 March, a series of White Papers was published to introduce  the 4MOST survey program to the scientific community. The 4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope 4MOST will be the largest spectroscopic survey facility of its kind in the Southern hemisphere and will address today’s most pressing astronomical questions in the fields of Galactic archaeology, high-energy astrophysics, galaxy evolu­tion and cosmology, starting its public survey program in 2022. MPE has contributed two of the White Papers with the aim of using 4MOST to the followup of eROSITA sources in two major surveys dedicated to Active Galactic Nuclei and Clusters of Galaxies, respectively.

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Upcoming events

Searching for new physics using machine learning techniques

Jul 16, 2019 10:00 - 11:00
Boltzmannstraße 2, Garching, Room: Excellence Cluster building, seminar room in the basement

Galaxies lacking dark matter in the Illustris simulation

Jul 16, 2019 12:00 - 13:00
ESO Headquarters, Garching, Room: Library (room 365)

The Search for CP Violation in Neutrinos

Jul 16, 2019 16:15 - 17:15
MPI Physik, Freimann, Room: Auditorium

Low energy cosmic rays in the Galactic ISM

Jul 17, 2019 11:00 - 12:00
MPA, Room: Old Lecture Hall 401

Neutrino oscillations in IceCube

Jul 18, 2019 09:00 - 10:00
Boltzmannstraße 2, Garching, Room: Excellence Cluster building, seminar room in the basement

TBA

Jul 18, 2019 10:45 - 11:45
ESO Headquarters, Garching, Room: Library (room 365)

eROSITA Launch in the Media

News update: Spektrum-RG launch successful

The launch of eROSITA on-board SRG at 14:31 was successful. All stages of the rocket burned correctly and all systems are green.

Inventur im Weltall

Tagesschau.de

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